Darkness Visible: Inside the World of Philip Pullman
Wizard Books 2003
Fans of Philip Pullman’s His Dark Materials trilogy will have been cheered by the announcement of the publication of the (as they say) long-awaiting follow-up entitled The Book of Dust. Like HDM this will appear in three volumes, and the first — titled La Belle Sauvage — will be published in October this year by Penguin Random House Children’s and David Fickling Books in the UK, and Random House Children’s Books in the US, according to the author’s own website.
The first thing to say is that it covers all of Pullman’s varied fiction up the 2000, not just HDM, though the bulk of the discussion does indeed centre around the trilogy. A brief illustrated biography outlines the author’s interesting upbringing, career and influences. (Don’t all people’s backgrounds have some unusual aspects to them? I wonder how much that affects their potential to become writers.) The discussion continues with Pullman’s early successes, including the thrilling Sally Lockhart series mostly set in an alternative late Victorian Britain; it was with these books that he honed his skills at combining suspense, moral conundrums and a steampunk aesthetic with strong protagonists, some of whom he was quite prepared to bump off if the evolving plot dictated it.
Teaching gave him opportunities to write and stage amusing yet spine-tingling school plays which, unsurprisingly, were often set in that 19th century that so fascinated him (for example the ‘novelised’ Count Karlstein which featured dark doings in Central Europe). As well as a couple of pre-2000 adult novels (which the author would rather forget) he also wrote other standalone novels, at least one of which — The Broken Bridge — drew on his own childhood growing up as a teenager in Wales, others of which were designed to appeal to slightly younger readers. Tucker is not afraid to be mildly critical of Pullman’s efforts in this other fiction, reserving his outright praise for HDM.
As well as outlining the narrative thrust Tucker examines its key themes. First are the two young protagonists, kickass Lyra Belacqua and tragic Will Parry, distinctive yet sympathetic characters who have such crucial roles in HDM’s universes. Tucker goes on to discuss the tension between science and organised religion that is the mainspring for the trilogy’s action. Another section compares and contrasts HDM’s matter with Pullman’s acknowledged web of literary influences, some antithetical (such as C S Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia) and others more positive, mainly Milton and William Blake. We even get to hear of the philosopher and journalist Heinrich von Kleist, a piece by him (“On the Marionette Theatre“) being featured as an appendix: its themes include the consequences of eating fruit from the Tree of Knowledge and a duel with a fighting bear, motifs which feature strongly in HDM. (Perhaps not insignificantly, Will Parry shares his surname with the late academic Idris Parry who not only translated this essay in 1981 but also such classics as Kafka’s The Trial for Penguin Books.)
In this review of novels as intellectual as they are entertaining, Tucker inevitably has to examine Pullman’s personal philosophy. It helps that many of Pullman’s admirers — and I am one of them — will agree with many if not most of the writer’s tenets, just as there will be some for whom his views on religion, science and personal responsibility will be complete anathema.
Before a select bibliography and the Kleist essay Tucker signs off with some concluding remarks. He ends with an adulatory statement which I’m in no position to confirm but which neatly sums up his assessment:
“[Pullman’s] trilogy, with its extraordinary power and unforgettable impact, represents the culmination of a long apprenticeship in writing, starting off the day after he left university and finally climaxing in one of the most ambitious and far-reaching works of imagination ever to appear in either children’s or adult fiction.”
Whether or not you agree with this maybe contentious final judgement there’s no doubt that HDM is an extraordinary achievement, one that this text more than adequately serves to introduce. Incidentally, Darkness Visible has been republished this year with a new subtitle (Philip Pullman and His Dark Materials) by Icon Books with a claim that it offers “essential reading ahead of The Book of Dust“.